Pearl of the Mediterranean, in many ways special, located in the south of the Adriatic Sea. Nowhere will you find, in such a small place, so much natural wealth, beauty, mild beaches, clear lakes, fast rivers and gorgeous mountains - except in Montenegro. In the morning you can wake up to the beautiful Adriatic coast, have lunch on the lake, and in the evening enjoy walking in the mountains of Montenegro. Montenegro is a place that will not leave you indifferent, such beauty is breathtaking, and at first sight every traveler remains eternally in love with Montenegro.
The climate in Montenegro affects large bodies of water of the Adriatic Sea and Skadar Lake, deep entering the Bay of Kotor in the mainland, a mountainous hinterland near the coast (Orjen, Lovcen and Rumija) and mountains Durmitor, Bjelasica and Prokletije.
In the Littoral and Zeta-Bjelopavlici has a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild and rainy winters. During the winter, the land must blow dry and cold wind, while in the autumn from the sea blows south, bringing warm air from northern Africa, and large amounts of precipitation. Mountain Orjen is one of the wettest places in Europe. In this area falls 4600 mm of rainfall a year, on steep slopes Orjena in Crkvice annual average falls about 5000 mm, which is the most European of precipitation, a record in the years close to 7000 mm / m².
Considerably more severe climate region have the fields below the surrounding mountain peaks situated 20-80 km from the sea. In the central and northern part of Montenegro Government mountain climate, and in the far north of Montenegro continental climate, which has a large daily and annual temperature amplitudes characterized by low annual rainfall with fairly uniform distribution by months. In the mountainous areas in northern summers are relatively cool and moist, and the winters are long and harsh, with frequent frosts and low temperatures, which rapidly decreases with height.
In Montenegro, grows wild in 2880 species and subspecies of higher plants (ferns and flowering plants), including 212 endemic species of the Balkan Peninsula, and 22 species of endemic Montenegro. The territory of Montenegro can be divided into three ecoregions: the Illyrian deciduous forests, Mediterranean vegetation along the coast and two subtypes of mixed forests (Balkan mixed forests in the far north and east of the dinar and mixed forests in the rest of the country.
Fauna of Montenegro belongs to the Palaearctic zoogeographical power, but to cross its territories, fauna and other areas: the Mediterranean, Central Europe and Central Asia. On the other hand, today's fauna of Montenegro is the rest of the Quaternary fauna in this area was unusually rich. Balkan peninsula was during the Ice Age had a relatively milder climate and any shelter for plant and animal genera and species. At the time of the Quaternary in this region lived the extinct species: the red Alpine wolf (Cuon alpinus europaeus), cave hyena (Crocuta spelaea), cave bear (Ursus speleus), leopard (Leopardus pardus), wild horses, woolly rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) , giant deer (Bosprimigenius), bison (Bison priscus), wild ox (Bos primigenius) and others. Many were still existing species from the fauna of Montenegro disappeared predominately in historical time, such as the lynx (Lynx lynx), fallow deer (Dama dama), red deer (Cervus elephus)